Philosophy & Belief


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About the Philosophy & Belief category [Philosophy & Belief] (1)
Several important court decisions regarding the rights of employees in the workplace have been made over the past thirty years. Which statements are true about these decisions? [Introduction to Philosophy] (1)
About Religion Category [Religion] (1)
Hawken argues that the movement for corporate social responsibility, although noble, cannot succeed in addressing environmental degradation, since the problem is primary one of overconsumption [Ethics] (3)
Shiva distinguishes between genuine poverty and culturally perceived poverty [Ethics] (3)
Shiva argues that--contrary to popular belief--globalization and economic development have not raised the standard of living for the vast majority of those living in the developing world, but rather have led to environmental degradation and poverty [Ethics] (3)
McKribben calls for a "world government" to manage our descent into the abyss of global warming [Ethics] (3)
McKibben argues that there is nothing we can do to prevent or mediate the effects of global warming [Ethics] (3)
Naess distinguishes between what he calls "shallow" ecology and "deep" ecology [Ethics] (3)
Taylor denies that human beings are superior to nonhuman animals [Ethics] (3)
Taylor's "biocentric outlook" places nonhuman animals on par with human beings [Ethics] (3)
Taylor argues that plants and animals have inherent worth [Ethics] (3)
Leopold calls for the development of a "land ethic"—an ethic dealing with man's relation to land [Ethics] (3)
Who writes, "From the perspective of a life-centered theory, we have prima facie moral obligations that are owed to wild plants and animals themselves as members of the Earth's biotic community"? [Ethics] (3)
Who writes, "That an average adult can recognize one thousand brand names and logos but fewer than ten local plants is not a good sign"? [Ethics] (3)
What does Hawken identify as the primary cause of environmental degradation? [Ethics] (3)
Hawken says, "The cornucopia of resources that are being extracted, mined, and harvested is so poorly distributed that 20 percent of the earth's people are chronically hungry or starving, while the top 20 percent of the population, largely in the north, control and consume ________ percent of the world's wealth." [Ethics] (3)
Shiva says, "The UN Decade for Women was based on the assumption that the improvement of women's economic position would automatically flow from an expansion and diffusion of the development process. By the end of the Decade, however, it was becoming clear that ________ itself was the problem." [Ethics] (3)
What does Shiva identify as the source of poverty? [Ethics] (3)
Shiva argues that ________ is considerably diminished as a result of the development process [Ethics] (3)
Why, on Shiva's view, is the conflation of subsistence living with poverty especially troublesome? a. It provides false legitimacy to 'poverty-removal" projects which instead ofremoving poverty removes sustainability [Ethics] (3)
Shiva argues that subsistence economies that satisfy basic needs through selfprovisions are not genuinely poor. What examples does she give of this "culturally perceived" false poverty? a. People are seen as poor if they live in houses which they built themselvesare of local products such as bamboo rather than imported products suchas concrete [Ethics] (3)
Where, according to Shiva, did the development model go wrong? a. All of these choices b. The development model failed to account for environmental destruction andits insuring poverty [Ethics] (3)
McKibben claims that virtually all of the major physical features of our planet seem to be changing rapidly. Which of the following does he cite as an example? [Ethics] (3)
Which of the following best describes McKibben's view? a. If we don't change our conduct, our grandchildren will suffer. b. We have already done irreparable damage to the planet; however, it's nottoo late to mediate the effects of global warming [Ethics] (3)
How does Naess characterize "deep" ecology? [Ethics] (3)
What does Naess refer to as "shallow" ecology? [Ethics] (3)
What does Taylor say about the supposed superiority of humans? a. None of these choices b. Human animals are superior to non-human animals because only humanspossess moral agency [Ethics] (3)
What is the central thesis of the biocentric view, according to Taylor? a. Each organism is viewed as a teleological center of life, pursuing its owngood in its own way [Ethics] (3)
What does Leopold identify as the core flaw in a conservation system based wholly on economics? a. The fact that ownership is transient, changing hands from one generation tothe next [Ethics] (3)