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“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.” Nelson Mandela

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The process within TB Figure 15.3, Bubble 3.0 might be described as follows: After the master production schedule is determined, an important step in completing the production in a timely manner is identifying, ordering, and receiving materials. Materials requirements planning is a process that uses bills of material, raw material and WIP inventory status data, open order data, and the master production schedule to calculate a time-phased order requirements schedule for materials and subassemblies. The schedule shows the time period when a manufacturing order or purchase order should be released so that the subassemblies and raw materials will be available when needed. The process involves working backward from the date production is to begin to determine the timing for manufacturing subassemblies and then moving back further to determine the date that orders for materials must be issued into the purchasing process. In an enterprise system, this process is performed automatically, using a variety of data from the enterprise database including:

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The process within TB Figure 15.1 Bubble 1.0 might be described as follows: Consistent with the value chain concept, the IPP begins with the design of the product and production processes. Activity-based costing can be used to develop estimates of the future cost of producing new products as well as potential cost changes from product or design changes. The entire design process is automated through the use of computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided engineering (CAE). With the use of enterprise systems, the electronic designs produced using CAD/CAE become the basis for developing detailed production schedules (bubble 2.0 in TB Figure 15.1) as well as the electronic control of production machines. In addition to the detailed product design, the CAD/CAE process results in several data stores of information that are used later in the IPP:

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Started by Enka
Last post Best Answer Reply by pansapio
Below is a narrative for the "Pay employees" portion (bubble 4.0) of the payroll process described in Chapter 14. Narrative Description Validated attendance time records initiate the payment to workers in process 4.0 (Pay employees). In calculating employees' gross and net pay, Process 4.1 (Prepare paychecks) retrieves data from both the employee/payroll master data and the tax rates data. Process 4.1 accumulates current, quarter-to-date, and year-to-date totals for each employee and reports this information via the data flow "Payroll register." This information also is used to update the employee/payroll master data. Finally, process 4.1 prints and distributes paychecks to employees as reflected in the "Employee paychecks" data flow. The data flow "Payroll register" triggers process 4.2 (Prepare disbursement voucher). This will result in a data flow for the GL disbursement voucher update and a data flow for the disbursement voucher. Process 4.3 (Prepare payroll transfer check) and sends the check to the bank to cover the organization's periodic net payroll. Required: Using the DFD in TB Figure 14.4 and the narrative description above, identify the words that belong in items 1 to 11 of Diagram 4.0 (TB Figure 14.5).

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Below is a narrative for the "Make payment" portion (bubble 2.0) of the accounts payable/cash disbursements process described in Chapter 13. Narrative Description The payment process begins with the periodic preparation of a list of payments that might be made at this time (bubble 2.1). The selection of items for this list is based on payment due dates and terms that may indicate a discount can be taken for a payment at this time. The proposed list is reviewed and amended (bubble 2.2) to add additional invoices that are not due for payment yet but that can be consolidated with other payments being made to a vendor. Proposed payments may be removed from the list if there are insufficient funds or if payments to a vendor are on hold. Bubble 2.3 depicts the process of preparing the disbursement, which is equal to the amount of the invoice less any discount taken. The payment is recorded by: • Marking the invoice as paid on the accounts payable master data. • Making an entry in the cash disbursements event data store. • Sending payment data to the general ledger where an entry is made to reflect the payment. Required: Using the DFD in TB Figure 13.7 and the narrative description above, identify the words that belong in items 1 to 9 of Diagram 2.0 (TB Figure 13.8).

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Below is a narrative describing the "Receive goods and services" portion (bubble 3.0) of the purchasing process described in Chapter 12. Narrative Description The vendor packing slip, which accompanies the purchased inventory from the vendor and identifies the shipment, triggers the receiving process. As indicated by bubble 3.1 of the figure, goods arriving at the receiving department are inspected and counted, and these data are matched against the vendor packing slip and the "PO receiving notification" (i.e., the blind copy of the PO). Nonconforming goods are denoted by the reject stub out of process 3.1. Notation of rejected goods is added to the vendor service record in the vendor master data. After the count and condition of the goods has been obtained, process 3.1 completes the receiving report by noting the quantity received. Once annotated with the quantity received, the PO receiving notification becomes a receiving report, which is the document used to record merchandise receipts. Process 3.2 compares the receiving report data to the information stored in the PO master data¾a process that often is automatically completed by the information system. Bubble 3.2 also reflects the following activities: • Data about vendor compliance with the order terms are added to the vendor service record on the vendor master data. • The receiving report data is stored as a copy of the receiving report document or electronically. • Receiving report data is sent to the accounts payable process. • A copy of the receiving report is sent to the warehouse (i.e., "Stock notice") with the goods. • The inventory master data are updated to reflect the additional inventory on hand. • The cost of the inventory received is relayed to the general ledger process (see the data flow "GL inventory received update"). • Finally, the PO master data are updated to reflect the receipt of the goods. Required: Using the DFD in TB Figure 12.7 and the narrative description above, identify the words that belong in items 1 to 15 of Diagram 3.0 (TB Figure 12.8).

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