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24 items

1
in Psychology
Small-for-gestational-age babies are also always considered preterm
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
False
2
in Psychology
Infant mortality has been generally increasing since the 1960s
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
False
3
in Psychology
Very-low-birthweight infants are tiny, with eyes that are fused shut, darkened skin color (despite race), and earlobes that look like flaps of skin on the sides of their heads
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
True
4
in Psychology
In the first stage of labor, contractions increase in frequency, duration, and intensity until the baby's head is able to pass through the cervix
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
True
5
in Psychology
"Kangaroo Care" is a term that applies to medical intervention of small-for-gestational infants where the mother carries the child in a small bag that hangs around the mother's stomach
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
False
6
in Psychology
Most research suggests that the drugs that are currently used during labor produce only minimal risks to the fetus and neonate
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
True
7
in Psychology
Infants who are born prior to 38 weeks after conception are called what?
A. low birthweight infants
B. small for gestational age
C. preterm infants
D. very low birthweight infants
Answer: C
8
in Psychology
The __________ stage of birth is the quickest and easiest, and it takes only a few minutes
a) first
b) second
 c) third
 d) episiotomy
Answer: c
9
in Psychology
Infants who weigh less than 1,250 grams or, regardless of weight, have been in the womb less than 30 weeks are called
a) low birthweight.
 b) very low birthweight.
 c) preterm.
 d) small for gestational age.
b
10
in Psychology
Newborns who are born prematurely and who have a low birthweight may experience respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and require
a) blood transfusions.
 b) immersion in warm water.
 c) isolation to ward off infection.
 d) placement in an incubator where oxygen is monitored.
d
11
in Psychology
If a newborn baby hears a tape recording of his/her own crying, the baby is likely to
a) cry even louder and longer.
 b) show a startle response/reaction.
 c) fall asleep.
 d) stop crying because the baby recognizes a familiar sound.
d
12
in Psychology
In the United States in the 1990s, the average hospital stay for a normal birth was _____ days, in large part because of insurance companies
a) 2.0
 b) 3.9
 c) 4.5
 d) 5.0
Answer: a
13
in Psychology
Neonates are born with a variety of reflexes including all but which of the following?
a) rooting
 b) swallowing
 c) sucking
 d) elimination
d
14
in Psychology
The American College of Medical Genetics recommends that all newborns be screened for ___ disorders ranging from hearing difficulties to extremely rare conditions
a) 50
 b) 29
 c) 100
 d) 40
b
15
in Psychology
Postpartum depression may be triggered by pronounced swings in hormone production that occur after birth. These hormones are
a) testosterone and progesterone.
 b) estrogen and progesterone.
 c) dopamine and progesterone.
 d) catecholamines and progesterone.
b
16
in Psychology
Sickle cell anemia is an example of a disorder that can be detected in newborns by
a) using the Apgar scale.
 b) taking a urine sample.
 c) taking a tiny quantity of blood drawn from the infant's heel.
 d) administering a DNA test.
c
17
in Psychology
The average financial costs of medical care for a very-low-birthweight infant during the first three years of life may be between ______ and ______ times higher than medical costs for a full-term child
a) 3; 50
 b) 50; 100
 c) 50; 75
 d) 10; 50
a
18
in Psychology
A student reads a flyer on the campus bulletin board that says a researcher is searching for students to volunteer for a long-term study
Participation includes completing testing that measures traits such as temperament, attitudes, and adaptability, as well as being available for follow-up for the next 10 years. The researcher who is developing this study is most likely interested in ___________ development.

 a) personality
 b) social
 c) cognitive
 d) physical
a
19
in Psychology
A newborn has been categorized as a very-low-birthweight infant. Which describes the infant's weight best?
a) 90% (or less) of average infant weight
 b) 2,500 grams (around 5 ½ pounds)
 c) 3,400 grams (about 7 ½ pounds)
 d) 1,250 grams (around 2.25 pounds)
d
20
in Psychology
Which of the following is TRUE? A developmental researcher who is interested in studying what senses are used most often by a child or what the long-term results of premature birth are would be studying ___________ development
a) social
 b) physical
 c) personality
 d) cognitive
b
21
in Psychology
A researcher is interested in conducting a study to determine whether people who experienced a devastating event, such as a house fire where the family lost everything, suffer lasting effects from such devastation early in life
This researcher is interested in the ________ development of the subject(s).

 a) personality
 b) social
 c) cognitive
 d) physical
c
22
in Psychology
Corleta's newborn has died. While obviously suffering from depression, she may also develop which of the following disorders?
a) Dysthymia
 b) Cyclothymia
 c) Bipolar disorder
 d) Posttraumatic stress disorder
Answer: d
23
in Psychology
Melissa is two weeks past her due date, but her baby has not yet been born. Melissa's baby is __________
a) premature
 b) postmature
 c) in fetal distress
 d) a stillbirth
Answer: b
24
in Psychology
What birthing method has achieved widespread popularity in the United States, and involves breathing techniques and relaxation training?
a) Apgar
 b) Lamaze
 c) Bradley
 d) Natural
Answer: b
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